It may be hard to believe today, but it is a historical fact: there was a time during the Middle Ages when Jews, Muslims and Christians lived together peacefully in the south of the Iberian Peninsula. Apart from that, it was a period during which the arts and sciences thrived – a real golden age. It came to an abrupt end with the beginning of the Christian Reconquista that not only established the united kingdom of Spain in 1492 under the sceptre of Los Reyes Católicos (the common royal title of Ferdinand II of Aragon and his wife Isabella I of Castile), but also meant the ruthless destruction of the multireligious and multicultural society. Most of the Muslims and Jews were forced to leave Spain or convert to Christianity, and those who refused to do so risked their lives. 

In their programme, Hirundo Maris and Arianna Savall refer to longing for this period, which resounds throughout the songs of the displaced Jews. Sephardic Jews found a new home in other parts of the world – and in music where the idea of the peaceful co-existence of various religions is still alive. 

For the first time in the history of the Misteria Paschalia Festival, the concert will be held at the Old Synagogue – the centre of religious life of the old district of Kazimierz and its Oppidum Iudaeorum. 

The concert will be preceded by a meeting from the Listening Keys cycle. 


Hirundo Maris: 

Arianna Savall – soprano, Renaissance harp 

Petter Udland Johansen – tenor, Baroque violin, hardanger fiddle, mandolin 

Michał Nagy – guitar 

Miquel Àngel Cordero – double bass, vocal 

David Mayoral – percussion instruments, vocal 



La rosa enflorece 

Canarios (anonymous, 16th c. / Arianna Savall) 

Ya salió de la mar (traditional Sephardic song / Arianna Savall) 

La rosa enflorece (traditional Sephardic song / Arianna Savall) 

Lév Tahor (traditional Chassidic song / Arianna Savall & Petter Udland Johansen) 

Quando el Rey Nimrod (traditional Ladino song) 

Durme, durme (traditional Sephardic song / Arianna Savall & Petter Udland Johansen)

Buenas noches (traditional Sephardic song / Arianna Savall & Petter Udland Johansen) 

Adío querida (traditional Sephardic song / Arianna Savall & Petter Udland Johansen) 

Alfonso X of Castile (1221–1284) Cantiga instrumental (arr. Arianna Savall & Petter Udland Johansen)

Por que llorax blanca niña (traditional Sephardic song / Arianna Savall & Petter Udland Johansen)

Las estrellas de los cielos / Yo m`enamori d`un aire (traditional Sephardic song / Arianna Savall) 


LISTENING KEYS: Sephardic songs in the 16th century 

28 March 2024, Maundy Thursday | 5:15 pm  |Austeria, ul. Szeroka 6 

Delving into deeper layers of music is often seen as the key to achieving a full understanding of this art, which is usually perceived intuitively. In order to fully understand its subtleties, it is crucial that the listener hones their listening skills and seeks the right words to describe their experiences and impressions. This is the aim of the Listening Keys – a series of meetings with a musician, who will equip the audience with these very tools. The participants will have an opportunity to explore selected pieces in depth, as well as to discover the hidden beauty and context of the musical stories woven by the most outstanding composers of past eras. 

During the meeting, the participants will explore the mysteries of the musical legacy of the Jews, who once inhabited the Iberian Peninsula, with the aim of understanding its context and cultural references. 


Aleksander Mocek

Entry with a ticket to the Grands Concerts concert on the same day.